vaginal-irritation-and-pid-pelvic-inflammatory-disease

Vaginal Irritation And PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease)


Vaginal Irritation And PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease)


What is vaginal irritation?

As many as one third of women will have symptoms of vaginal irritation sometime during their lives. It affects women of all ages but is most common during the reproductive years.


What causes vaginal irritation?

A change in the balance of the yeast and bacteria that normally live in the vagina can result in vaginal irritation. This causes the lining of the vagina to become inflamed. Factors that can change the normal balance of the vagina include the following:

Use of antibiotics, changes in hormone levels due to pregnancy, breastfeeding, menopause, douching, spermicides, sexual intercourse and infection.


How is it diagnosed?

Vaginal swab which is a sample of the discharge from the vagina will be taken and looked at under a microscope and subjected to culture and sensitivity.


How is it treated?

Treatment will depend on the cause and may be either with a pill, cream or gel that is applied to the vagina.


What is a yeast infection?

This is candidiasis. It is one of the most common types of vaginal infection.


What causes yeast infections?

A yeast infection is caused by a fungus called Candida. It is found in small numbers in the normal vagina. However, when the balance of bacteria and yeast in the vagina is altered, the yeast may overgrow and cause symptoms.


What increases the risk of getting a yeast infection?

Some types of antibiotics increase the risk of a yeast infection. The antibiotics kill normal vaginal bacteria, which keep yeast in check. The yeast can then overgrow. It is more common to get yeast infections during pregnancy or with diabetes. Overgrowth of yeast also can occur if the body’s immune system, which protects the body from disease, is not working well.


What are the symptoms of a yeast infection?

Common symptoms of a yeast infection are itching and burning of the area outside the vagina. The vulva may be red and swollen. The discharge is usually white, lumpy, and has no odour.


What are the treatments for vaginal yeast infection?

This can be treated either by placing medication into the vagina or by taking a pill in addition to control of certain dietary products such as less sugar.


What is bacterial vaginosis (B.V.)?

This is caused by overgrowth of the bacteria that occur naturally in the vagina.


What are the symptoms of bacterial vaginosis?

The main symptom is increased discharge with a strong fishy odor. This is thin and dark or dull gray, but may have a greenish color. Itching is not common, but may be present if there is a lot of discharge.


How is B.V. treated?

Several antibiotics can be used to treat B.V. but the two that are most commonly used are metronidazole and Doxycycline. They can be taken by mouth or inserted into the vagina as a cream or gel.


What is trichomoniasis (T.V.)?

This is a condition caused by a parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. It is spread through sex. Women who have trichomoniasis are at an increased risk of infection with other STDs.


What are the symptoms of T.V.?

These may include a yellow-gray or green vaginal discharge and may have a fishy odor. There may be burning, irritation, redness, and swelling of the vulva. Sometimes there is pain during urination.


How is T.V. treated?

T.V. is treated with metronidazole by mouth or vaginal gel. Sexual partners must be treated to prevent the infection from recurring.


What is atrophic vaginitis?

This is due to dryness of vaginal skin and can cause vaginal discharge and irritation, such as dryness, itching, and burning. Atrophic vaginitis is treated with oestrogen cream or tablet. A water- soluble lubricant also may be helpful during intercourse.

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